Of all many accesses to basic English grammar, the best one is to begin with fundamental basic rules and main concepts of grammar, on which form a base to set up a simple English sentence, and then to correct grammatical errors. Stay tuned until the very end of this article to explore grammar rules and learning approaches so as to gain a thorough understanding of the basic English grammar

there are many accesses to the English language and its grammar
There are many accesses to the English language and its grammar

1. What is grammar in English? 

1.1. Definition 

Grammar is sometimes referred to as the “rules” of a language with a set of standards for language use that enables the combination of simple words to create more complicated meanings, covering the arrangement of separate words, phrases, clauses, sentences, and entire texts. Through the use of proper grammar, your English language will be understandable and efficient.

1.2. Types of basic English grammar

Based on popular approaches to the language instruction, English grammar can be broadly divided into two categories including prescriptive and descriptive grammar. Depending on the context and aim of communication, people can choose to learn or apply either of the two types. 

Type of grammar



Prescriptive  Set of theoretical principles determining the proper usage of the English language (traditional grammar) Written language such as grammar manuals, style guides, and language usage manuals
Descriptive  Clarify the principles controlling the active and actual use of language in real-life scenarios (modern linguistic) Spoken language like variations, dialects, informal speech

2. The importance of basic English grammar

basic English grammar offers many benefits in learning the language
Basic English grammar offers many benefits in learning the language

2.1. Enhance communication skills

Grammar provides the structural frame required to convey ideas clearly and precisely. Even with the basic of English grammar, people can successfully express their thoughts and ideas thanks to a fixed structure as well as rules for arranging the main elements of speech such as words, phrases, and sentences. That is to say, gaining control of basic English grammar in the English language will enable you to communicate in this language more effectively and confidently.

2.2. Improve writing skills

To write an essay, report, or simply a normal email always requires the use of basic or higher level of English grammar since it helps to make sure that the writing is logical, polished, and easy to read. Basic English grammar rules focusing on how to properly employ punctuation, verb tenses, sentence structure, and subject-verb agreement will help to express ideas in a clear and concise way, thereby easily accessible to audience and achieve the goal of the writing. 

2.3. Gain better reading comprehension

To fully comprehend English materials requires knowledge of grammar. That is why people find it easier to understand normal sentences and sections when getting hold of basic grammar rules in English. Identification of word and phrase relationships, message context, and intended emphasis are all made unchallenging with proper grammar. You can successfully gather information, comprehend difficult texts, and broaden the scope of your vocabulary by being aware of the grammar used in the documents.

2.4. Increase career opportunities

You need to grasp the English from basic whether you want to start your own business, acquire your dream career, or pursue higher education abroad. The poor grammar leads to limitation in both oral and written communication, hindering the advancement in career, especially if the position involves working abroad or cooperating with international clients partners. Thankfully, all of these problems can be solved when you are able to use the basic English grammar.

2.5. Boost up academic achievement

Many studies demonstrate that students’ academic achievement is positively correlated with their level of English language proficiency, especially in cases when English is a second language. 

According to that, a student’s academic success is influenced not only by the content they have learned, but also by their literacy abilities (reading, writing, and spelling), their comprehension of spoken and written language, and their ability to express their knowledge orally and in writing. In these cases, to learn basic English grammar is an essential key for improving scores at school. 

2.6. Foundation to conquer English certificates 

Suitable learning paths built for learners always consider basic grammar as top priority. Particularly, for those pursuing English global certification-based exams like TOEIC, the paths can be sped up thanks to a foundation of English grammar from basic, making it faster and easier for learners to successfully reach your target TOEIC score.

In any aspect, whether studying or working abroad, the time factor is always the key. Therefore, the sooner you have English certificates, the earlier opportunities you seize to realize your big plans in life. It is time to start learning English grammar and get accustomed to TOEIC with the help of Estudyme.

2.7. Make learning other foreign languages easier

Although the grammars among various languages are significantly different, you will have an advantage when learning another language if you have already comprehended the purpose of each sentence’s constituent components and the fact that they are not always used in the same sequence in the English language. 

Therefore, acquiring the next languages will be simpler once you are used to being adaptable and thinking beyond the constraints of your native tongue, which is considered as the language learning experience had already been formed and gathered since the moment you learn basic English grammar. 

3. Basic Rules and Main Concepts of English Grammar 

english grammar embraces various aspects, rules and concepts
English grammar embraces various aspects, rules and concepts

3.1. Basic rules

  • Parts of speech: English words can be classified as adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, interjections, verbs, and nouns.
  • Sentence structure: Subject and predicate are essential components of a sentence.
  • Tense consistency: Verbs have to be used in the same tense throughout.
  • Agreement: In order for a subject and its verb to be in agreement, they must both be singular or plural.
  • Pronoun agreement: The antecedent’s gender and number must match those of the pronoun.
  • Parallelism: Parallel expression of ideas is required in lists and comparisons.
  • Modifiers: Sentences need to contain the appropriate placement of adjectives and adverbs.
  • Punctuation: Using punctuation correctly is crucial, especially for clear and succinct writing.
  • Capitalization: It is necessary to capitalize proper nouns and the initial word in sentences.
  • Word choice: When using the language, the right words must be chosen to communicate effectively.
  • Spelling: Spelling accurately is a must to ensure credibility and clarity.
  • Tone: Both writing and speaking skills demand an appropriate tone for specific audience and goals. 

3.2. Main concepts

English typically categorizes words into eight “word classes” or “parts of speech”, including: nouns, , pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, interjections and conjunctions. The largest word class is made up of nouns, followed by verbs. English nouns have no grammatical gender, in contrast to nouns in many other Indo-European languages.

mind map: part of speech in English
Mind map: part of speech in English
  • Syntax rules

Syntax rules cover several grammatical subcategories like verb tenses, clauses, direct and indirect objects, etc. However, the main idea of this concept focuses on English construction in sentences, which is typically made up of the following order of elements: subject – verb – object. 

According to that order, the subject and object consist of a noun phrase that can be further altered by an adjective phrase – which has its own set of regulations and can be expanded. The verb is composed of an auxiliary or tense phrase and a verb that, based on the context, may include several tiers including noun phrases and be further altered by an adverb phrase.

the typical word order in English is Subject-Verb-Object
The typical word order in English is Subject-Verb-Object
  • Mechanics

In the English language, “mechanics” refers to all of the intricate rules that comprise grammar including some linguistic topics such as word order, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling, etc. With the help of Estudyme’s comprehensive guide to English language mechanics, you may learn some of the most crucial laws in the language and have an easy-to-use reference for some of the fundamentals of basic English grammar.

mechanics includes punctuation, capitalization, and spelling rules
Mechanics includes punctuation, capitalization, and spelling rules
  • Punctuation

Punctuation is known as a set of symbols used to divide and make sentences and other written parts more understandable. In simpler terms, punctuation indicates to readers when to stop, which words are quotations and which are explanations, when to eliminate words, and more. You can get hold of commas, hyphens, semicolons, and all other punctuation marks by reading the guide to punctuation provided by Estudyme.

punctuation mark is an essential topic of basic English grammar
Punctuation mark is an essential topic of basic English grammar


Effective basic English communication is based primarily on grammar since it helps to improve your confidence, written comprehension, straightforward expression of yourself, and writing. Learning the English grammar from basic then practicing regularly is by far the best way to  raise your level of English proficiency. 

Therefore, start learning English grammar courses from now on by taking the English test to identify your level and set up a proper learning route. Remember to be patient and always regard grammar as a basic component of language learning process!